Reported speech lesson plan

primary 3rd and 4th class: 34 topic: direct and direct speech

If you shout «Forward!» you must make it very clear which way to go. Can’t you see that, if you don’t, and you shout that word to a monk and a revolutionary, both will go in diametrically opposite directions?

In general, any kind of action, and certainly activism requires good planning. A group planning meeting will help you focus on what you want and what you are capable of doing, and how best to achieve your goals. To achieve more ambitious goals, this is probably the first move, an action that does not achieve the desired results, or runs into unexpected problems can be discouraging. You need the first thing you do to be effective.

You will need to keep everyone in the group informed about what is behind any decision, so that they do not rush into the decision: give them time to express their preferences and talk about the advantages of choosing one over the other. We remind you that you may have the opportunity to address other concerns at another time. We also remind you that the most important thing is for the group to remain united in working together throughout an action, so if one member is totally against a particular one, it may be worth considering. Try to reach a consensus in the group, rather than going to a majority decision.

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When we want to describe what someone said, one option is to use direct speech. We use direct speech when we simply repeat what someone says, placing the phrase between the speech marks:

When we report what someone says in the present simple, as in the previous sentence, we usually do not change the tense, we simply change the subject. However, when we report things in the past, we usually change the tense by going back one step. For example, in the following sentence, the present simple becomes the past simple in indirect discourse:

When reporting a question, we need to change the interrogative form into an affirmative sentence, putting the verb tense back one step, as with normal reported speech.There are two types of questions we can report: questions that have a yes/no answer, and questions that begin with a question word such as ‘what’, ‘where’, ‘who’, etc. When we report a yes / no question , we use ‘if’. For example:

i am learning at home, how to talk about covid-19 with children.

Sentences in direct and indirect speechLet us now look at concrete cases, examples and sentences written in both direct speech and indirect speech. For this, we present the state of examples we give below:Sentences in indirect speech:John said he was going to be late.The President indicated in his speech that he had signed a salary increase.The offender said that he confessed guilty, but that there were extenuating circumstances for his behavior.Luis was in the kitchen, when he mentioned that he was feeling unhealthy. The President said in his speech: «I have signed a salary increase».Luis was in the kitchen when he mentioned: «I am feeling unhealthy».With the above, we hope we have made clear to our readers the characteristics of both types of speeches. There is no doubt that examples are the best way to clarify this issue.Summary and definitionsDirect speech means saying exactly what someone else said. Direct speechHe says, «I have the package. «Indirect speech (also called reported speech) means saying what someone else said without quoting exactly what they said. This means that you don’t necessarily use their words.You don’t use quotation marks with indirect speech.

direct and indirect discourse (definitions) (well explained)

The Republic of El Salvador is located in the Central American isthmus and has a total area of 21,040 km2; its population, now close to seven million inhabitants, makes it the most densely populated country, being mostly composed of rural population.

In recent decades, the expansion of maquila-related export and trade activities has led to a significant decline in urban poverty levels, but increased the urban-rural income gap.

While the incidence of urban poverty was reduced by 14.7 points, from 53.7% in 1992 to 33.6% in 1999, rural poverty was reduced by only 11 percentage points, from 66.1% to 55.5% in the same period.

For this reason, as a government, we have elaborated a policy of general action for integration and the fight against exclusion and poverty, which is contained in the government plan, the new alliance, and in the national plan, which is an effort of civil society. both efforts are oriented towards achieving integrated national development, involving all sectors of the population that have so far remained excluded from the decisions and benefits of development.

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