Relative clauses exercises with answers
Relative pronouns – exercises pdf
The paper presents the results of three tests for the study of disambiguation strategies in Spanish relative sentences with double antecedent. Rather than pointing to the existence of a central syntactic processor, the results of the study support the hypothesis of an integrated processing of linguistic information, including syntax, semantics and pragmatics. The variation obtained supports the hypothesis of an integrated processing of the linguistic complexity, where the lack of information in one of the modules is offset by the information in the others.
This sentence is syntactically ambiguous because the antecedent of the relative can be either of the two nominal groups that precede the relative pronoun: the son or a friend. To interpret (i) it is necessary to choose one of the following two possibilities:
The most important syntactic processing models can be classified into two groups based on the stance they take with respect to the universality of the syntactic operator. First is the group of so-called universal models. These models propose that although there are lexical and grammatical differences between different languages, the syntactic processor invariably operates by employing the same strategies regardless of the input language. The most influential models of this type are the garden path model and its heir, the construal model, both based on a modular view of language.
Conditional sentences exercises
These are the friends I spend time with.Yo paso el tiempo con mis amigos.Con quin?objeto:Lucas, whom I have known for a long time, is a lot of fun.Conozco a Lucas desde hace tiempo. A quin?TiposThere are two types of relative clauses:Specific relative clauses are those that are necessary to identify the object being described. In Spanish, these relative clauses are not separated by commas.Example:El chico que lleva gafas es Antonio.Explanatory relative clauses only provide additional information that is not necessary to identify the object being described. In Spanish these relative clauses are separated by commas.Example:Lucas, whom I have known for a long time, is very funny.FormationRelative clauses are formed using relative pronouns or relative adverbs.Relative pronouns and relative adverbsRelative pronouns and relative adverbs are placed in the relative clause of the noun or pronoun to which they refer. The following table lists the Spanish relative pronouns, as well as the relative adverb where.
Relative clauses exercises
This type of sentence, also called «explanatory relative clauses», provides additional or complementary information about an already identified person or thing (the antecedent), so that, unlike the «defining relative clauses» (or specific relative clauses), they are not used to clarify the identity of the person, place or object to which they refer.
If we omit the relative clause («who called yesterday»), the sentence still makes sense, since we have previously identified the subject of the sentence (Mr. Smith), and the relative clause simply provides us with additional information:
An important difference between defining relatives clauses and explanatory relative clauses is that in the latter we cannot use the relative pronoun «that», being obligatory the use of «which» when the antecedent is a thing, or «who» or «whom» if the antecedent is a person.
In this regard, our readers often ask us when to use «who» or «whom». To clarify this question, we recommend that you do not miss this post by our contributor Dan Darrow.
Relatives in spanish
Relative sentences in English are used when we want to introduce more information without having to repeat the element we are offering additional information about. Curriculum HideStructure of relative clauses in English When there are different elements in a relative clause, the order to be followed is the following: It is possible that not all the elements appear in the same sentence, but if this is the case, this is the order to follow. Learn which are the relative pronouns in English and write relative clauses correctly.
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