present perfect and past perfect exercises

When we talk about a completed action, you immediately think of the past. But this is not true. Because the past refers to a finished time. However, what happens if the action ends in the present? Actually, the answer is very simple, as long as you know the differences between the present perfect and the simple past in English.

To identify them, you are going to take a trip through time. The object of time, of course. Thanks to it, you will be able to better understand when the past is used and when the present perfect is used. This way, you will never again make mistakes when expressing yourself in this beautiful but treacherous language.

Undoubtedly, the object of time is the one who best indicates the differences between the present perfect and the simple past in English. Because, when that period of time is over, you can be sure: it’s past tense. However, if the tense is still in force, then you have to use the present perfect.

So, first of all you have to be very clear about when a tense is considered finished and when it is not. So take a look at the table below, where we tell you which objects of time correspond to the past and which to the present perfect:

present perfect vs past simple

3- an event that started in the past but was in the recent past and also ended very recently. Ex: Look, they have brought their dog! THEY have already arrived and they have already brought the dog, but they have just arrived, and they have just brought him. It is not something that happened hours or days ago.

Present perfect is to talk about something that started in the past and is still happening or having repercussions in the present Write an answerJean Carlos Martinez villegasThe difference is that the Past is something that happened on a specific date, time or moment. and the present perfect can be experiences that you have lived and does not specify when it happened, you have simply done it in your life and maybe you will do it again.Write an answerElizabeth RangelA simple way to understand both verb tenses is to take into account the following:

The presents perfect in Camino is NOT placed in a specific time in the past. Ex: I have eaten pizza in my life. I have eaten pizza in no visa, it suggests that in the past I have eaten pizza but it does not say when.

present perfect in english

3- an event that started in the past but was in the recent past and also ended very recently. Ex: Look, they have brought their dog! THEY have already arrived and they have already brought the dog, but they have just arrived, and they have just brought him. It is not something that happened hours or days ago.

Present perfect is to talk about something that started in the past and is still happening or having repercussions in the present Write an answerJean Carlos Martinez villegasThe difference is that the Past is something that happened on a specific date, time or moment. and the present perfect can be experiences that you have lived and does not specify when it happened, you have simply done it in your life and maybe you will do it again.Write an answerElizabeth RangelA simple way to understand both verb tenses is to take into account the following:

The presents perfect in Camino is NOT placed in a specific time in the past. Ex: I have eaten pizza in my life. I have eaten pizza in no visa, it suggests that in the past I have eaten pizza but it does not say when.

ejercicios de presente simple y pasado simple

El pasado simple se utiliza para acciones o eventos que terminaron en el pasado, incluyendo el pasado reciente. El presente perfecto se utiliza para acciones o eventos que están relacionados con el presente.Ejemplos:Pasado simple:  ¿Desayunaste esta mañana?(Significado: La mañana ha terminado) Tuve tres exámenes esta semana.(Significado: Como en el ejemplo anterior, el uso del pasado simple indica que la semana acaba de terminar.)Presente perfecto: ¿Has desayunado ya esta mañana?(Significado: Todavía es por la mañana) Ya he tenido tres exámenes esta semana.(Significado: Al igual que antes, el uso del presente perfecto indica que la semana aún no ha terminado)Recuerda que también usamos el presente perfecto para acciones o eventos en un momento indeterminado del pasado. Si queremos limitar el tiempo de las acciones o eventos a un periodo de tiempo, utilizamos expresiones de tiempo como «last year».Ejemplos:Past simple:  Fui a Cuba el año pasado.  They saw a movie yesterday.Present Perfect: I have been to Cuba in the last year.  They have seen a movie. Han visto una película ayer. Nota: Observa la diferencia entre los dos primeros ejemplos. En ambos se utiliza la expresión temporal «last year», pero en el segundo ejemplo se ha añadido la preposición «in». En este ejemplo, con el uso de «en», estamos identificando un periodo de tiempo en el que ocurrió la acción o el evento, pero no un momento concreto. En cambio, si no utilizamos la preposición «en», «el año pasado» indica un momento concreto del pasado.

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